FAQ's

Below you’ll find a list of frequently asked questions about ProVen Probiotics, good bacteria and prebiotics.

If you can’t find what you’re looking for, or if you’d like us to add a question, please get in touch.

General

How do we collect product reviews?

An independent third party called Feefo will send you an email a few weeks after you receive your orderi to ask for a review. We appreciate all feedback we receive from our customers as it helps us to improve our products and service going forward.

Usage and Storage

Can you take too much good bacteria?

No, it is virtually impossible to overdose on probiotics. We all have billions (some estimates say trillions) of friendly bacteria in our body and these are constantly being replaced.

Taking very large amounts (100s of thousands of CFUs) may mildly increase frequency of bowel movement.

I have heard that good bacteria should be kept in the fridge. Is this true?

This is true of many brands of friendly bacteria, but the ProVen Probiotics range has been specially formulated to be stable at room temperature for 18 months and still deliver the stated levels of beneficial bacteria. If you wish to store ProVen Probiotics in the fridge that is fine, particularly if you are in tropical climates.

 

but

Do we need to take ProVen Probiotics every day?

There is increasing evidence that the daily supplementation of probiotics helps to improve both intestinal and immune health.

Our gut bacterial community is not static – every day, bacteria represents around half of the faecal mass we excrete from our bodies. This reflects the dynamic nature of our gut bacteria and suggests that supporting this microbiota with probiotics every day will have a positive effect on the balance of bacteria, helping to maintain a higher ratio of the good bacteria required to support health.

Previous generations had higher intakes of probiotic organisms as fermentation was used to preserve foods and these fermented vegetables and dairy foods contained high levels of bacteria. Consumption of fermented foods is far less prevalent today, as refrigeration is now used as the means of food preservation, and it can be useful to support our friendly bacteria with daily supplementation.

When do the benefits of ProVen Probiotics start taking place?

This varies for all of us and depending upon the reason we are taking the ProVen Probiotics.

Our clinical studies have repeatedly found that many IBS sufferers experience relief within two weeks. Similarly, with the Clostridium difficile study, the effect was apparent within 2-3 weeks.

Our Swansea Baby Trial was looking at the prevention capabilities of probiotics and results showed that the effects were established within the supplementation window of six months following birth. Our Fit for School study also showed a consistent effect over a six-month period.

What formats are ProVen Probiotics available in?

The ProVen Probiotics range includes capsules, tablets and powders.

Our proprietary manufacturing processes mean that the bacteria remain stable and can be incorporated into many product formats.

These manufacturing processes also mean that the live bacteria can combined with other nutrients in a single capsule, tablet or powder - including vitamins, minerals and other botanicals.

 

Buying ProVen Probiotics

How do I set up a subscription?

You can set up a subscription on the product page. If the product is available for subscriptions you will have multiple plans to select from. For more information, click here.

Comparing good bacteria

What is Lab4?

Lab4 is a consortium of probiotic bacteria, which has been developed by Dr Nigel Plummer and his team of scientists at Cultech Ltd in south Wales.

The scientists at Cultech have over 20 years experience of the discovery and development of probiotic bacteria and the production of probiotic products. Crucially, the Cultech researchers have spent the last fifteen years undertaking clinical research to prove the effectiveness of the Lab4 probiotic strains and this research is ongoing.

There is a Lab4 for adults and Lab4b for pregnancy and infants from birth to four years.

The Lab4 consortium of bacteria contains Lactobacillus acidophilus (strain 1), Lactobacillus acidophilus (strain 2), Bifidobacterium bifidum and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis.

Lab4b contains Lactobacillus salivarius, Lactobacillus paracasei, Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. Lactis and Bifidobacterium bifidum.

For further information on Lab4 probiotics, please click here.

Where can I get Lab4?

The unique Lab4 blend of probiotics can be found in the ProVen Probiotics range of supplements developed with different formulations to suit all ages and lifestyles from pregnancy to 50+.

How are ProVen Probiotics different?

ProVen Probiotics contain the unique Lab4 probiotic strains. This group of strains is one of the very few probiotic cultures that have been rigourously studied over the past 15 years to demonstrate consistent health benefits ranging from allergy prevention in infants to reduction of all symptoms (bloating, pain, discomfort) in people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Other studies conducted at Addenbrooke’s hospital in Cambridge have shown that Lab4 can reduce the levels of ‘bad bacteria’ following antibiotic treatment, as well as reducing the incidence of diarrhoea caused by the ‘superbug’ Clostridium difficile.

ProVen Probiotics have also been developed based upon 30 years of research and development in probiotic bacteria and products. As well as the Lab4 bacteria, the team of scientists behind ProVen Probiotics have identified a process to add other nutrients, such as vitamins and immune enhancing ingredients such as elderberry, to the supplements without destabilising the Lab4 bacteria.

As a result, ProVen Probiotics offers a range of products that include continuously researched live bacteria and key nutrients to support health.

What about yoghurt and yoghurt drinks?

As well as supplements, friendly bacteria are often added to certain foods such as yoghurt and yoghurt drinks, milk, cheese and now even cereals. The effectiveness of the friendly bacteria in the body will depend on the strains and numbers of bacteria and it may be useful to check out the evidence supporting these products and the strains of bacteria they contain.

How can you identify a good friendly bacteria supplement?

The European Consensus, taken in 2004, outlines a number of criteria to help people distinguish good quality probiotics as follows:

  • Have clinically proven health benefits demonstrated using rigorous scientific trials (randomised, double blind, and placebo controlled designed trials).
  • Are alive and reach the gut in sufficient number, surviving gastric and bile acid and digestive enzymes during the gastro-intestinal transit until they reach the gut.
  • Are clearly defined using modern biological detection methods.
  • Are clearly labeled, including the genus (eg. Lactobacillus), the strain e.g acidophilus Cul -21) and amount e.g 10 billion.
  • Are shelf stable, thus guaranteeing delivery of the quantity of probiotic until the date of expiry.

ProVen Probiotics containing Lab4 probiotic strains satisfy all these criteria.

How many different friendly bacteria are there?

There are many different strains of friendly bacteria naturally present in the human body, which can have different benefits.

The strains used in the Lab4 blend of friendly bacteria in ProVen Probiotics have been specifically chosen from the most researched families of bacteria and offer a synergistic effect which cannot be gained from a single strain. For example, Lactobacillus acidophilus tends to provide benefits to the upper intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum), whereas the Bifidobacteria provide benefits in the large intestine (caecum and colon).

How are prebiotics different?

Prebiotics are completely different from probiotics.

Prebiotics are a type of fibre that cannot be digested directly by humans, but are used as food by probiotic friendly bacteria to help them to multiply and colonise the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract.

Some foods contain prebiotics and if eaten alongside probiotics, they can help to support the multiplication of the probiotic bacteria. These prebiotic foods include raw garlic, raw or cooked onion, raw leeks, raw asparagus, artichoke, dandelion greens and under-ripe bananas.

Some of the products in the ProVen Probiotics range also contain prebiotic fibres FOS (fructooligosaccharides) and GOS (galactooligosaccharides) to support the colonisation of the Lab4 bacteria.

Why am I experiencing extra gas?

The Lactobacillus and Bifidus species of bacteria used in ProVen Proiotics are not gas-forming, so do not cause flatulence.

One of the ways these friendly types of bacteria work, is by crowding out the pathogenic species and is these ‘bad’ bacteria that cause fermentation and gas.

After taking ProVen Probiotics for 2-4 weeks, symptoms of extra gas should start to diminish as gut bacterial balance begins to be restored.

Are ProVen Probiotics enteric coated?

Some probiotics are enteric coated, which protects the contents of the capsule when passing through the stomach.

At ProVen Probiotics, we have the ability to enteric coat, but we choose not to as, in order for the bacteria to start colonising, the enteric coating has to dissolve in the small intestine, the capsule has to be broken down and the contents of the capsule have to be released and activated.

As the small intestine doesn’t have the pummelling action or the acidity of the stomach and the transit time through the small intestine is only 2-4 hours, it is unlikely that the enteric coating will be broken down in time for the probiotics to have an effect.

Instead of enteric coating, ProVen Probiotics are provided in a variety of formats that are designed to travel through the stomach with food and to disintegrate as they do so, ready for use in the intestines.

The ProVen Probiotics powders and chewable tablets disintegrate immediately and the capsules disintegrate within 30 minutes. When taken alongside food, the bacteria then travel with the food through the stomach acid to the small intestine.

How can you ascertain what makes a good probiotic?

The European Consensus taken in 2004 outlines the criteria to help people distinguish good quality probiotics as those with evidence for health benefits.

The European Consensus outlines that a high-quality probiotic must contain bacterial strains that meet the following criteria:

  • Clinically proven health benefits demonstrated using rigorous scientific trials (randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trials)
  • Must be alive and reach the gut in sufficient number, surviving gastric and bile acid and digestive enzymes during the gastro-intestinal transit until they reach the gut
  • Are clearly defined using modern biological detection methods
  • Are clearly labelled, including the genus (eg Lactobacillus), the strain (eg acidophilus Cul-21) and amount (eg 10 billion)
  • Are shelf stable, thus guaranteeing delivery of the quantity of probiotic until the date of expiry

The Lab4 probiotic strains used in ProVen Probiotics satisfy all these criteria.

What are CFUs or viable cells?

CFU means colony forming units, which are the number of viable bacteria or probiotic cells in the product.

Probiotic supplements range from 1 billion CFUs to 500 billion or more.

ProVen Probiotics are backed by research at a variety of CFU numbers – from 10 billion

What number of CFUs is best?

Friendly bacteria supplements are available with a wide range of numbers (from millions to 100s of billions) and it can be confusing to know whether a bigger number means a better product.

It isn’t always the case that more CFUs is better, but it is important to find a friendly bacteria supplement with research supporting the number of CFUs it contains for the issue you are dealing with.

Do ProVen Probiotics survive the stomach acid?

Yes. The Lab4 strains used in the ProVen products have been involved in rigorous testing both in vitro (in a laboratory) and in vivo (in humans) to show that they survive through the gastrointestinal tract.

Suitability

Can probiotic friendly bacteria help combat allergies?

Breakthrough clinical evidence published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in 2012 demonstrates that supplementing with friendly bacteria can significantly reduce the risk of allergy in children. In a large trial in Swansea, Lab4 Probiotics were taken by mothers during the latter part of pregnancy and given daily to their babies in the first six months following birth. The mother and baby pairs supplementing the friendly bacteria via Lab4 Probiotics halved the risk of allergic sensitization in infants up to two years of age. Remarkably, the risk of atopic eczema was also reduced by over 50% and this is likely to significantly reduce asthma and rhinitis into older childhood and as adults.

The aim of the Swansea study was to confirm that early supplementation of friendly bacteria can help to prevent children from becoming allergic in the first place. It was specifically related to supplementation of friendly bacteria in infants and shows that this can provide benefit to children up to two years of age. Other studies have shown that probiotic supplementation can be effective when provided to older children who already have allergies.

Are the probiotics in ProVen Probiotics natural?

Yes, the friendly bacteria used in all ProVen Probiotics products are naturally sourced and cultured.

Do any ProVen Probiotics contain any Genetically Modified Organisms?

No.

What is the source of the DHA in Pregnancy Plus?

ProVen Probiotics Pregnancy Plus contains an additional fish oil capsule to provide the omega 3 fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) to support mum and baby in pregnancy.

The omega 3 fish oil in ProVen Pregnancy Plus is derived from tuna and is a highly purified stable fish oil that meets all the requirements of Regulation 1881-2006, which clearly sets the standards in relation to mercury and other heavy metals, PCB’s, Dioxins, Furans and PAHs.

In addition to the tests the supplier conducts to ensure their compliance, we also rigorously analyse the oils at an external laboratory before using them in any of our products.

My child is formula fed, but is allergic to dairy – can I give him the ProVen Probiotics for Breast Fed Babies?

Yes – it’s fine to give your baby the ProVen Probiotics for Breast Fed babies.

The only difference between the two products is that ProVen Probiotics for Formula Fed babies has added prebiotics, which are naturally present in breast milk and help the probiotic bacteria to colonise the intestine. The number of live bacteria in both products is the same – 10 billion per serving, as used in the Swansea Baby Trial.

The ProVen Formula Fed product contains two types of prebiotic fibre, GOS (galactooligosaccharides) and FOS (fructooligosaccharides). GOS is derived from the lactose in milk and, although it is unlikely to contain any lactose and does not contain any milk protein, it is derived from milk. FOS is derived from fruit and vegetables.

Are ProVen Probiotics vegetarian and/or vegan?

All Lab4 and Lab4b strains used in the ProVen products are both vegetarian and vegan.

Are ProVen Probiotics allergen-free?

Yes. All strains used in ProVen Probiotics are free from gluten, dairy, soy and nuts.

Do friendly bacteria (probiotics) have side effects?

The side effects of friendly bacteria are usually mild and temporary and can include gas and bloating along with mild changes in stool consistency. This is often a sign that the live bacteria are working as the symptoms are generally the effect of the ‘die-off’ of the pathogenic strains of bacteria, which then produce gas as a side effect of being ‘crowded out’ by the probiotic strains.

Are ProVen Probiotics suitable for babies and children?

Yes. The Lab4b group of bacteria, used in the ProVen pregnancy and baby products, contains strains that reflect the infant’s developing gut. The Lab4 group of bacteria, used in the ProVen child and adult products, reflects the developed gut, which is generally established by around three years of age.

Are ProVen Probiotics safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding?

Yes. The bacteria used in the ProVen pregnancy products have been trialled in pregnant mums and newborn babies and have been used by these potentially vulnerable groups since 2013.

Subjects

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A

Can probiotics help with heartburn?

Probiotics are good bacteria that keep bad bacteria from growing.

Can probiotics cause gas and heartburn?

While most people do not experience side effects, the most commonly reported reaction to bacteria-based probiotic supplements is a temporary increase in gas and bloating

Adult Health

What are probiotics used for in adults?
Probiotics have been used to possibly alleviate bowel problems (such as diarrhea, irritable bowel), eczema, vaginal yeast infections, lactose intolerance, and urinary tract infections.

Antibiotics

Should I take probiotics whilst on a course of antibiotics?

There's some evidence that probiotics may be helpful in some cases, such as helping prevent diarrhoea when taking antibiotics.

Should I take probiotics when I take antibiotics?

It is suggested that taking probiotics during antibiotic treatment can reduce the risk of diarrhea, although the two should be taken a few hours apart. Probiotics can also help restore the gut bacteria after antibiotics.

When is the best time to take probiotics with antibiotics?

Generally at least a few hours between your antibiotics to ensure that the probiotics isn't immediately effected by the antibiotics.

Acidophilus

What is acidophilus probiotic used for?
Probiotics are used to improve digestion and to balance/restore normal gut flora.
What is the difference between probiotics and acidophilus?

The most commonly used probiotic is Lactobacillus acidophilus, but there are thousands of strains of these bacteria and they are not interchangeable.

What is acidophilus used to treat?
Acidophilus helps maintain an acidic environment in the body, which can prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

Adults Health (Elderly)

Should the elderly take probiotics?

Some studies have shown that friendly bacteria levels in the gut of a typical over 60-year-old is one thousandth of that of a younger adult and we need a balance of good and harmful bacteria for good health. As elderly people have fewer friendly bacteria, probiotic supplements help maintain a good balance.

Anxiety

Can probiotics affect your mood?

Some research has found that probiotics may help boost mood and cognitive function and lower stress and anxiety.

Do probiotics help serotonin production?
Bacteria in the intestines produce many chemicals, including neurotransmitters such as serotonin, melatonin, and acetylcholine. These may directly impact brain function and mental health and help explain the benefits of probiotics
Can gut bacteria cause anxiety?
There is a suggested connection between anxiety and an unbalanced microbiome. In a normal digestive tract, trillions of bacteria are constantly at work to keep your body healthy but, when the bacteria's normal functions are disrupted, it can also disrupt your mood and behavior both of which could possibly lead to anxiety.

Acne

Can gut problems cause acne?
The ability of the gut microbiota and oral probiotics to influence systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, glycemic control, tissue lipid content and even mood itself, may have important implications in acne.
Does gut health affect the skin?

Gut problems and indigestion can actually affect the way your body retains the nutrients found in your diet, leading to poor absorption of the vitamins, minerals and antioxidants needed to keep skin looking healthy and potentially worsening existing skin conditions.

Is acne gut related?
Research suggests that acne isn't so much a condition of the skin as it is a condition of the gut.

Allergies

Can probiotic friendly bacteria help combat allergies?

Breakthrough clinical evidence published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in 2012 demonstrates that supplementing with friendly bacteria can significantly reduce the risk of allergy in children. In a large trial in Swansea, Lab4 Probiotics were taken by mothers during the latter part of pregnancy and given daily to their babies in the first six months following birth. The mother and baby pairs supplementing the friendly bacteria via Lab4 Probiotics halved the risk of allergic sensitization in infants up to two years of age. Remarkably, the risk of atopic eczema was also reduced by over 50% and this is likely to significantly reduce asthma and rhinitis into older childhood and as adults.

The aim of the Swansea study was to confirm that early supplementation of friendly bacteria can help to prevent children from becoming allergic in the first place. It was specifically related to supplementation of friendly bacteria in infants and shows that this can provide benefit to children up to two years of age. Other studies have shown that probiotic supplementation can be effective when provided to older children who already have allergies.

Are probiotics good for seasonal allergies?

Good bacteria may help with seasonal allegeries.

Does gut health affect allergies?

There are studies conducted that may indicate that certain strains of good bacteria do help with food allergies.

B

Bacteria

What is good bacteria?

Maintaining balance between the helpful (good) bacteria and the more unhelpful (bad) species has been shown to be key to supporting a healthy digestive system. With the gut now understood to be central to health and containing more than 70% of our immune system, there is greater focus on natural methods for keeping our gut healthy.

The bacteria are made up of over 1,000 different species and more than 5,000 strains, some of which are considered helpful and others that have been shown to be detrimental to health. The two most common species of helpful bacteria found in our gut microbiome are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria.

What bacteria are in probiotics?
Most probiotic products contain bacteria from the genera Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium, though you can have different strains depending on the supplement.
Where does probiotic bacteria come from?

Probiotics that are naturally found in your intestines include: Saccharomyces boulardii (a yeast) and bacteria in the Lactobacillus and Bifobacterium families of microorganisms. (Outside of the body, Lactobacillus acidophilus is the probiotic that is found in some yogurts.)

Bifidobacterium

What are the benefits of Bifidobacterium?

It aids your body to perform essential functions such as digestion and staving off harmful bacteria

Breastfeeding

Can I take probiotics while breastfeeding?

Yes, it is fine for a breastfeeding mother to take probiotic supplements. We all have probiotics in our digestive system. Breastfed babies have these good bacteria because human milk contains ready-made "prebiotics" (which feed the good bacteria).

Do probiotics pass through breast milk?

Babies receive beneficial bacteria from their mothers during vaginal birth and via breast milk. Human milk also contains special sugars that seem to selectively nourish the necessary gut bacteria

Behavior

Can probiotics help behavior

Research has shown the mood and behavior may be linked to the gut microbiome, and that probiotics can support improved mood as well as emotional and behavioral regulation in children and teenagers.

Can probiotics affect your mood?

Some research has found that probiotics may help boost mood and cognitive function and lower stress and anxiety

Bloating

Can taking probiotics cause bloating?
While most people do not experience side effects, the most commonly reported reaction to bacteria-based probiotic supplements is a temporary increase in gas and bloating
Can probiotics cause stomach issues?

Probiotics already exist naturally in the body, probiotic foods and supplements are generally considered safe. Although they may trigger allergic reactions, and may also cause mild stomach upset, diarrhea, or flatulence (passing gas) and bloating for the first few days after starting to take them.

BV (Bacterial Vaginosis)

Can probiotics help with BV?

There is some evidence that taking probiotic supplements daily can help treat and prevent bacterial vaginosis.

Belly Fat

Do probiotics help reduce belly fat?

Studies have found that certain strains of the Lactobacillus family can help you lose weight and belly fat.

Brain Gut

Is there a brain in your gut?
The enteric nervous system is often referred to as our body's second brain. There are hundreds of million of neurons connecting the brain to the enteric nervous system, the part of the nervous system that is tasked with controlling the gastrointestinal system.
Why is the gut called the second brain?

Underlying this sensation is an often-overlooked network of neurons lining our guts that is so extensive some scientists have nicknamed it our "second brain". 

C

Children

Can children take probiotics

Generally probiotics are safe for children.

Why should kids take probiotics?
Probiotics may keep your children healthy by decreasing the number of bacteria in the gut that can cause infections or inflammation.

Cleanse

Can you take probiotics while doing a cleanse?

Generally probiotics are safe for children.

Does a colon cleanse kill good bacteria?
Some cleanses may kill the good bacteria found in the colon along with the bad, which is counterproductive and might even weaken immunity

Colic

Can probiotics help with colic?

Several studies have found that supplements of  good bacteria may reduce crying in colicky babies. And some studies suggest that a probiotics might prevent colic in the first place.

D

Depression

Do probiotics affect serotonin?

Bacteria in the intestines produce many chemicals, including neurotransmitters such as serotonin, melatonin, and acetylcholine. These may directly impact brain function and mental health and may help explain the benefits of probiotics

Do probiotics affect your mood?
Some research has found that probiotics may help boost mood and cognitive function

Digestion

What is the best time to take probiotics?

If you're taking a live strain probiotic supplement, “ideally you want to take them 20 minutes after you eat

Are probiotics good for digestion?

They support healthy body systems from your mouth to your gut, and help control harmful microorganisms like germs. At the right levels, probiotics aid digestion and improve nutrient absorption.

Diarrhoea

Can you take probiotics while doing a cleanse?

Generally probiotics are safe for children.

Does a colon cleanse kill good bacteria?
Some cleanses may kill the good bacteria found in the colon along with the bad, which is counterproductive and might even weaken immunity

Diet

Do probiotics help you lose weight?
Some probiotics may help people lose weight and boost overall health.
Do probiotics help you lose fat?

Some studies have found that certain strains of the Lactobacillus family can help you lose weight and belly fat.

E

Eczema

Do probiotics help with eczema?

The use of probiotic supplements is purported to protect against immune dysfunction and reduce inflammation—two key factors in the development of eczema.

Exercise

Why do athletes take probiotics?

Research suggests that they could improve recovery by increasing antioxidant absorption.

F

Friendly Bacteria

What is friendly bacteria called?

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. We usually think of these as germs that cause diseases. But your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy.

G

Gas

Can probiotics make you gassy?
They can cause lots of gas and bloating for susceptible people - especially people with IBS. Generally, people acclimate to the probiotic after a week or two.
Will probiotics help my gas?
Probiotic supplements can help improve the bacterial environment in the gut, which can help reduce symptoms of gas and bloating.
Do probiotics help smelly gas?
Probiotics are supplements that contain the healthy bacteria already found in a person's digestive tract. These good bacteria help to break down food, and can even work to break down the hydrogen gas that is produced during digestion.

Gut Flora

What is gut flora?

Human gastrointestinal microbiota, also known as gut flora or gut microbiota, are the microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans.

What is gut flora imbalance?

Emotions like stress, anxiety, and depression, can impact our gut microbes (and vice versa) shifting the balance of bacteria.

An unbalanced gut flora can lead to intestinal permeability, which can increase inflammation, oxidative stress, and blood sugar imbalances throughout the body; all of which are linked to acne.

Good Bacteria

What are good bacteria?

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. We usually think of these as germs that cause diseases. But your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy.

What does good bacteria do to your body?
Bacteria also help out by doing things cells are ill-equipped to do. For instance, bacteria break down carbohydrates (sugars) and toxins, and they help us absorb the fatty acids which cells need to grow. ... Most importantly, by having good bacteria in your body, bad bacteria don't get a chance to grow and cause disease.

Gut Friendly

What are good bacteria?

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. We usually think of these as germs that cause diseases. But your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy.

What does good bacteria do to your body?
Bacteria also help out by doing things cells are ill-equipped to do. For instance, bacteria break down carbohydrates (sugars) and toxins, and they help us absorb the fatty acids which cells need to grow. ... Most importantly, by having good bacteria in your body, bad bacteria don't get a chance to grow and cause disease.

Gut Bacteria

Do probiotics increase gut bacteria?
They boost the beneficial bacteria in the gut.
Do probiotics heal the gut?
Any good leaky gut treatment plan includes supplements that support digestion and protect the gut lining from further damage. Probiotic supplements do both and, after bone broth, are the next best thing to add to a healing diet to repair a leaky gut.

Gut Health

Why is guy health so important?
It turns out our bodies are already loaded with trillions of bacteria. They help digest food and play an important role in your well-being.

H

Health

What are the benefits of taking probiotics?

Probiotics help balance the friendly bacteria in your digestive system.

Can probiotics be bad for you?

Probiotics are safe for the majority of the population

Helpful Bacteria

What are helpful bacteria?
Good bacteria in your gut, probiotics like GI Jake, help digest your food and fight invading microbes.
Are bacteria harmful or helpful?

Bacteria are unique microorganisms that have a variety of physiological functions which are beneficial to human beings. However, some bacteria can also be harmful.

Healthy Snacks

Are eggs bad for your gut?

 Studies have found that choline—a nutrient naturally found in red meat and eggs (but taken as a supplement in the study)—produced gut bacteria that in turn created a substance known as TMAO, which can lead to hardening of the arteries. Such bacterial changes can happen fast.

Are avocado good or bad for the gut?
Avocado is a superfood packed with fiber and essential nutrients, such as potassium, which helps promote healthy digestive function. It's also a low-fructose
What are the best foods for my gut?

A variety of foods are good for your gut, such as:

  • Kimchi
  • Yogurt
  • Jerusalem Artichokes
  • Garlic
  • Green (Unripe) Bananas
  • Barley
  • Apples
  • Shirataki Noodles

I

IBS

What are the signs of IBS?

The main symptoms of IBS are:

  • stomach pain or cramps – usually worse after eating and better after doing a poo
  • bloating – your tummy may feel uncomfortably full and swollen
  • diarrhoea – you may have watery poo and sometimes need to poo suddenly
  • constipation – you may strain when pooing and feel like you cannot empty your bowels fully

IBS can also cause:

  • farting (flatulence)
  • passing mucus from your bottom
  • tiredness and a lack of energy
  • feeling sick (nausea)
  • backache
  • problems peeing – like needing to pee often, sudden urges to pee, and feeling like you cannot fully empty your bladder
  • not always being able to control when you poo (incontinence)
What foods can trigger IBS?
  • Breads and cereals made with refined (not whole) grains.
  • Processed foods such as chips and cookies.
  • Coffee, carbonated drinks, and alcohol.
  • High-protein diets.
  • Dairy products, especially cheese
What causes IBS?

The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is currently unknown. It is thought to result from a combination of abnormal gastrointestinal (GI) tract movements, increased awareness of bodily functions, and a disruption in the communication between the brain and the GI tract. 

Do probiotics help IBS?

There is some evidence that certain probiotics may help improve irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms

Immunity

Can probiotics help immune system?
Another proposed mechanism of probiotics is the modulation of intestinal microbiota by maintaining the balance and suppressing the growth of potential pathogenic bacteria in the gut.
Do probiotics help you from getting sick?

Findings from studies have shown that probiotics could, in fact, appear to improve the body's immune response

K

Kids

Can you give kids probiotics?
Generally, probiotics are safe for kids. Some studies suggest that probiotics may be good for children.
Why should kids take probiotics?

If your child has an ear infection or diarrheal illness that calls for antibiotics, taking a probiotic may help shorten the symptoms. In addition, probiotics may keep your children healthy by decreasing the number of bacteria in the gut that can cause infections or inflammation

L

Lactobacillus

What causes Lactobacillus

Many bacteria and other organisms live in our bodies normally. "Friendly" bacteria such as lactobacillus can help us break down food, absorb nutrients, and fight off "unfriendly" organisms that might cause diseases such as diarrhea.

Is Lactobacillus a pathogen?

Lactobacillus species are normal flora of the human mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and female genital tract, where they produce lactic acid (resulting in a low vaginal pH) and competitively inhibit pathogenic organisms.

Where is Lactobacillus found?

Lactobacillus acidophilus is a type of bacteria found in your intestines. It's a member of the Lactobacillus genus of bacteria, and it plays an important role in human health

Leaky Gut

What can cause a leaky bowel?
The inside of the bowel is lined by a single layer of cells that make up the mucosal barrier (the barrier between the inside of the gut and the rest of the body). This barrier is effective at absorbing nutrients, but prevents most large molecules and germs passing from inside the bowel into the bloodstream and potentially causing widespread symptoms. In some circumstances, this barrier can become less effective and "leaky", although this in itself is not generally thought to be sufficient to cause serious problems.

M

Medication

Can you take probiotics with other medicaton?

Probiotics are generally safe and not known to interact with many medications -- but they are regulated as a food rather than a medication

Microbiota

What is the role of microbiota?
The normal gut microbiota imparts specific function in host nutrient metabolism, xenobiotic and drug metabolism, maintenance of structural integrity of the gut mucosal barrier, immunomodulation, and protection against pathogens.
What is the difference between microbiota and microbiome?

The microbiota refers to the micro-organisms and viruses associated with the human gastrointestinal tract. The microbiome refers to the genetic make-up of the whole of the microbiota: i.e. the genes from all the bacteria, eukaryotes, archaea and viruses.

What is gut microbiota?
It helps us combat aggressions from other microorganisms, maintaining the wholeness of the intestinal mucosa. It plays an important role in the immune system, performing a barrier effect. A healthy and balanced gut microbiota is key to ensuring proper digestive functioning.

Menopause

Can probiotics help menopause?
Probiotics are supplements that contain live microbes to re-colonize the beneficial flora in your body. Not only can that help with digestive issues many women confront around this time (bloating, gas, constipation), probiotics can also support vaginal health by helping to fight yeast infections.

Microbiome

What is the microbiome?
Where is the microbiome?
The human microbiome is the collection of trillions of microbes living in and on the human body. It consists of about a thousand different bacterial species that reside in the mouth, gut and on the skin.

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Nausea

Can probiotics make you nauseous?
While probiotics supplements can cause some unwanted symptoms, the good bacteria in them aren't necessarily to blame if a new supplement is making you feel off

Newborn

Do probiotics help newborns?
Probiotics are bacteria thought to have a beneficial effect on the gut. These “good bacteria” can help with digestion and development of our immune system.
Do newborns have gut bacteria?
The GI tract of newborns is already populated by billions of bacteria soon after birth.

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Poop

Do probiotics make you poop?
While probiotics supplements can cause some unwanted symptoms, the good bacteria in them aren't necessarily to blame if a new supplement is making you feel off

Probiotics

What do probiotics do?
Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy.
Should you take probiotics everyday?

There is increasing evidence that the daily supplementation of probiotics helps to improve both intestinal and immune health.

Our gut bacterial community is not static – every day, bacteria represents around half of the faecal mass we excrete from our bodies. This reflects the dynamic nature of our gut bacteria and suggests that supporting this microbiota with probiotics every day will have a positive effect on the balance of bacteria, helping to maintain a higher ratio of the good bacteria required to support health.

Previous generations had higher intakes of probiotic organisms as fermentation was used to preserve foods and these fermented vegetables and dairy foods contained high levels of bacteria. Consumption of fermented foods is far less prevalent today as refrigeration is now used as the means of food preservation and it can therefore be useful to support the friendly bacteria with daily supplementation.

Are there any side effects of probiotics?

While there are many health benefits linked to taking probiotics, there can also be side effects. Most of these are minor and only affect a small percentage of the population.

Why do people take probiotics?

Probiotics work by balancing the levels of microorganisms in the intestines. They drive down the numbers of harmful bacteria. They also seem to boost the body's immune system.

Prebiotics

What is the difference between prebiotics and probiotics?

Prebiotics are a special form of dietary fiber that acts as a fertilizer for the good bacteria in your gut. Probiotics are live bacteria that can be found in yogurt and other fermented foods.

Is apple cider vinegar a prebiotic?
Apple cider vinegar also has prebiotics from the fermented apples.
What are sources of prebiotics?
  • Chicory.
  • Jerusalem artichokes.
  • Garlic.
  • Onions, shallots, and spring onions.
  • Leeks.
  • Savoy cabbage
Can you take probiotics and prebiotics at the same time?

You don't need to take a prebiotic for probiotics to work, but taking them might make your probiotics more effective.

Pregnancy

Is it safe to take probiotics while pregnant?
Are probiotics safe during the first trimester?
Probiotics are a safe way for pregnant women to introduce and consume healthful microbes during pregnancy and may provide other positive nutritional benefits.
Is it safe to take probiotics while pregnant?

Probiotics from both natural food sources and supplements are usually considered safe to take during pregnancy. It's best to talk to your GP or midwife before taking any supplements. If you do take a probiotic or prebiotic supplement, ensure you follow the manufacturer's guidelines.

Which probiotic is best for pregnancy?

The most effective probiotic supplements are the ones formulated for your unique needs. Ideal for pregnant women, ProVen Probiotics supports optimal gut health with the production of good bacteria and 10 billion CFUs delivered straight to the digestive tract.

Are probiotics safe during first trimester?

Probiotics generally are considered safe during pregnancy. Probiotics from food are safe and nutritious for all clients. Probiotic foods are a safe way for pregnant women to introduce and consume healthful microbes during pregnancy and may provide other positive nutritional benefits.

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Sleep

Do probiotics help sleep?
The good news is that the beneficial bacteria in your gut — the probiotics — can boost your body's supply of melatonin by increasing your blood levels of tryptophan, an amino acid precursor to melatonin that can keep your sleep-wake cycles in sync

Supplements

Are probiotic supplements good for you?

Probiotics can help keep your gut healthy. Although you already have healthy bacteria in your gut it doesn't hurt to take them, and adding them to your diet might help.

Sports Performance

Why do athletes take probiotics?
They improve recovery by increasing antioxidant absorption. Since free radicals are abundant after training, it's important that athletes meet them head-on with high amounts of antioxidants in recovery and throughout each day.

Stress

Can probiotics help reduce stress?
Probiotics may reduce stress levels and lessen anxiety
Can gut bacteria cause anxiety?

There is a connection between anxiety and an upset gut.
In a normal digestive tract, trillions of bacteria are constantly at work to keep your body healthy. However, when the bacteria's normal functions are disrupted, it can also disrupt your mood and behavior, both of which can lead to anxiety.

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Teenagers

Are probiotics good for teenagers
Probiotics may help relieve acute constipation, colic, and acid reflux in healthy infants, children and teenagers. They may also help prevent secondary infections and diarrhea in kids using antibiotics. Probiotics may even help prevent eczema and allergies in some children.

Thrush

Can probiotics help prevent thrush?

Probiotics can contribute to maintaining the natural levels of good bacteria (known as lactobacilli) in your vagina, helping to prevent recurrent thrush and bacterial vaginosis.

Travel

Should I take probiotics before traveling?

Generally you should start taking probiotics for at least one week before your trip, and continue at least one week after your trip

Do probiotics help prevent travelers diarrhea?

Probiotics may be safe and effective at preventing TD,22 with Saccharomyces boulardii and a mixture of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum found to be efficacious.

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UTI

What does UTI stand for?
UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection.
How do you know if you have UTI?
  • A burning feeling when you urinate.
  • A frequent or intense urge to urinate, even though little comes out when you do.
  • Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen.
  • Cloudy, dark, bloody, or strange-smelling urine.
Can probiotics help UTI?
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Vaginal Health

Can probiotics maintain vaginal health?

By taking probiotics, you can promote the health of vagina, digestive tract and urinary tract as well.

Vitamin D

Are probiotics and vitamin D linked?

These gut-healthy bacteria could boost our vitamin D absorption.

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Weight Loss

Do probiotics aid weight loss?

Certain strains of good bacteria may now help with weight loss.

Well-being

Do probiotics help with energy?

Probiotics may help give your immune system a boost and inhibit the growth of harmful gut bacteria, which can help you feel less fatigued.

Women

What is the best probiotic for weight loss?

Evidence indicates that Lactobacillus gasseri may help people with obesity lose weight and belly fat. Additionally, a blend of probiotics called VSL#3 may reduce weight gain on a high-calorie diet.

Do probiotics cause weight gain?

Although taking a probiotic is unlikely to cause harm, it may not help fight obesity. First and foremost, it's important to understand that weight gain is essentially a function of energy imbalance. ... Although more research is needed, there is some evidence that probiotics might improve gut health

What do probiotics do to your body?

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. ... But your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are often called "good" or "helpful" bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy. You can find probiotics in supplements and some foods, like yogurt.

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