November is #NationalDiabetesMonth and, as gut health is our specialty, we thought we’d summarise the latest thinking regarding our microbiome and diabetes.
Our gut bacteria is unique to each of us and develops based upon our genetic background, diet, age and exposure to antibiotics, amongst other things. We all have our own mix of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ bacteria and this mix is fundamental to supporting our health.
Research into the role of these different species of bacteria has increased in recent years and has investigated many areas of health and disease. One of these areas is the link between the bacteria and obesity and diabetes.
The research has linked a lack of healthy gut bacteria to increased gut inflammation and permeability, which may lead to insulin resistance and an increased potential for developing type 2 diabetes.
This inflammation and permeability has also been shown to be one of the potential factors involved in the development of autoimmune disease, which includes type 1 diabetes.
In addition, diabetic patients have been shown to have a different microbiome to those without diabetes and supporting the bacterial balance in our guts may be a useful strategy.