A better understanding
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters (tubes between the kidneys and the bladder), the bladder itself and the urethra (the tube from the bladder through which we urinate).
Most UTIs involve the lower urinary tract – the bladder and the urethra – and women are more likely to develop a UTI than men, due to the urethra being shorter, so there is less distance between the bladder and the external environment.
Most UTIs are caused by the Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. This bacteria strain is a normal part of the digestive and urogenital bacteria, but if it is able to overgrow, it can sometimes cause an infection.
The symptoms of UTIs include the following:
– Pain or burning upon urination
– The feeling of wanting to urinate constantly
– Cloudy, bloody or strong-smelling urine
– Muscle aches
Many of these symptoms can feel like stomach bloating, pain or pressure and, if a UTI spreads to the kidneys, it can also cause back pain and vomiting that can lead to bloating.
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